Caring for the environment is a fundamental task of those of us who live in it. That is why we share 5 5 environmental benefits of organic agriculture. In the animal kingdom there is no species that contaminates its environment and humans should not be the exception. Organic agriculture offers a series of benefits not only for the body, but also for the environment. As the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) reminds us:
Organic agriculture takes into account the medium and long-term effects of agricultural interventions on the agroecosystem. It is proposed to produce food while establishing a balance to protect soil fertility or avoid pest problems.
Soil enrichment practices such as crop rotation, mixed cropping, symbiotic associations, cover crops, organic fertilizers and minimum tillage are essential.
Pollution of groundwater streams with synthetic fertilizers and pesticides is a problem. In areas where pollution is a major problem, the adoption of organic agriculture is encouraged as a means of restoring the environment.
Organic agriculture reduces the use of non-renewable energy by reducing the need for agrochemicals (whose production requires a large amount of fossil fuels) and contributes to mitigating the greenhouse effect.
Farmers are guardians of biodiversity as well as they use it. At the level of genes, they prefer seeds and traditional varieties. On species, various combinations of plants and animals optimize nutrient cycles and agricultural production.
Regarding the ecosystem, maintaining natural areas in and around the fields, as well as not using chemical inputs, provide a suitable habitat for wild flora and fauna. Likewise, the repercussions of organic agriculture on natural resources favor interaction with the agroecosystem vital for agricultural production and for nature conservation.
According to statistics from the National Agrarian Health Service of Peru (Senasa), national organic production during 2018 was developed in 22 departments with a total area of 524,931 ha, where there are 429,674 certified ha and 95,257 ha in transition.