The agricultural revolution and the change in eating habits force us to look at the use of environmentally friendly elements such as organic fertilizers. A nutrient made from organic waste, processed or not, which is converted into stable forms (not rot, do not smell or heat). It can be used as food for plants. However, there are other benefits that must be known to bet on this alternative.
They do not carry chemical contributions that can damage the earth and respect the ecosystems. Although chemical fertilizers are a quick and effective solution in the short term, their use entails environmental problems such as water pollution or the degradation of soil life in the long term.
In addition to all these benefits, organic compost improves the ability of the soil to absorb water and facilitates the fixation of carbon in it. Its production hardly generates energy expenditure and it is a cheaper solution than if we bought a chemical fertilizer.
Some are created from mixing different types of organic waste. Therefore, another benefit of these materials is the use of what could be considered a residue, which will be useful for the growth of new crops.
Organic fertilizers also have many benefits for our health. Being 100% natural and chemical-free, the products that are generated in organic farming or in urban gardens that use organic fertilizers are also more natural and healthy.
They are generally produced at home and therefore are moved from fairly close places. They do not require too much energy expenditure for their manufacture or for their transport. An example is the «compost» that we talked about in a previous article.
The Huancavelica region is close to being recognized as the first organic region. To acquire that recognition, it seeks to obtain safe and quality products, without the use of pesticides. Currently, the region promotes the organic production of avocado, quinoa and aromatic herbs (oregano) for the international market. Native potatoes, corn and peas for the national market, with the technical support of the agricultural health authority.