In a market, especially the international one, where the use of healthy techniques is a requirement. Among these new trends we have the use of composting or «compost», which is the natural transformation of organic waste through a biological oxidation process that turns it into nutrient-rich compost and serves to fertilize the earth.
Is it difficult to compost? Not at all. You just have to feel like it and gather some peels, fruit and vegetable scraps; dry leaves of trees and shrubs; Yerba, coffee and infusions; shredded or chopped branches for pruning and even dried flowers and sawdust. In other words, what we discard when we prepare our food at home or are within reach.
Once the raw material is gathered, you just have to follow the following indications:
A wooden box can be used, any container will do. If a plastic box or bucket is used, make a few holes in the base and place a first layer of soil and a second layer of dry materials such as straw, remains of pruning branches, sawdust, etc. These first dry layers will prevent the bottom of your composter from rotting and spoiling the mix.
Layer different products or waste, such as vegetable and fruit peels, twigs and dried leaves from hedges or plants that we have pruned, coffee grounds, egg shells, etc. It is recommended to intercalate the layers of different wet or green and dry products, thus achieving that optimal balance that a quality homemade compost needs.
Our homemade organic compost will need a certain degree of humidity to form the artisan fertilizer that will enrich organic crops. Thus, it is necessary that we water it from time to time without flooding the container, but ensuring that the moisture penetrates into the different layers that we have been adding to our compost box.
Between six and eight months after the start of the process, we can begin to extract our homemade compost from the bottom of the container. We will know that it is ripe by its pleasant smell of forest land. After letting it rest for a few days, we will have it ready to fertilize our plants with the best nutrients.
The use of compost is not only limited to the home but can also be applied in agriculture. An example is the installation of a compost processing plant by the District Municipality of San Borja within the General Headquarters of the Army of Peru, whose organic fertilizer was used in the olive trees planted in its front from which the commune obtained an oil. of quality that was given to the neighbors.