The importance of organic agriculture is increasing in national and international markets, so it is becoming part of the gear of the economy not only of countries, but also of the households that produce this type of food.
Enhance food security, rural development, sustainable livelihoods and environmental integrity; are the objectives of this activity according to the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO).
Organic agriculture seeks to promote and improve the health of the ecosystem based on four pillars or principles:
Health.- Promote the health of the soil, plant, animal, planet and people.
Equity.- It is related to the generation of employment in the field, it is about promoting female empowerment, fair trade and community development.
Sustainability.- Organic agriculture must be based on ecological systems and life cycles, work with them, adjust to them and preserve them.
Production.- There are tools for efficient production that do not know the future impact that they may have on humans and the environment. Thus, the health pillar is focused on the 3 axes of conscious consumption: which are personal health, social health and planetary health.
The development that ecological agriculture is having today is based on three main aspects, which are:
– The need not to continue deteriorating the agricultural environment and to recover them from the negative impacts that intensive production methods have produced on the environment.
– The food insecurity that intensive production systems have generated, due to the contamination of products and the proliferation of animal diseases that affect man.
– The possibility that these production systems have of allowing small and medium producers and farmers in disadvantaged areas to have a decent income.